Eva Poláková Lišková

03.07.2017 | 03:30
Eva Poláková Lišková

Number 73,304 reminded me of my roots
Eva Poláková was born on 30th June, 1929 in a Jewish family Emil Polák (14. 7. 1895 Jičín – 1945), trader in Luže. Mother Helena, born as Alterová (1901 Luže – June 19, 1971, Luže), helped her husband with his shop and cared for the teenage daughters Eva and Andulka (June 6, 1924 – June 6, 2014) and her mother.

The family was not well off . They lived in a pretty big house, in the center of a quiet East Bohemian small town, where they had a shop with mixed goods on the ground fl oor. Eva remembers that they used to go to Mama‘s sister to Čáslav, Proseč or to her grandfather and grandmother Polák to Jičín. When it comes to childhood, she remembers the town of Luže, where she went to Sokol and played in the amateur ensemble of Karafi átovy Broučky. However, she did not like the elementary school. On the contrary, she had a stomach neurosis that ended when Eva stopped attending school. She started to eat again and she even competed with her dad, who will eat more. She remembers eating 37 plum dumplings once. In the pre-war Luže, there lived a strong Jewish community. There was a rabbi, a synagogue, and at least another ten families. Daddy led a very social life. He was a member of Sokol, a volunteer fi re brigade, had an ambulance, and for some time he was also the mayor of a Jewish community with an offi ce in their home. The family went to the synagogue, celebrated the greater Jewish holidays, but also celebrated Christmas and Easter.
However, with the arrival of the Nazis, everything changed. Eva initially did not perceive the anti-Jewish measures because she had never encountered any form of anti-Semitism ever since. “Until Hitler came, I did not know we were diff erent. I took everything else diff erently. “But my father lost the store.” Her father had previously worked as a reliable driver for a catholic priest, who requested Eva´s father to drive an ambulance. He was not allowed and he was not even allowed to help a friend in a car shop. So, the family lived out of savings, but they were not inexhaustible. Eva and her sister were not allowed to go to school, so when possible, a teacher from nearby town called Skuteč, Mrs Květa Habalová rode her bicycle to Luže to teach Eva. Eva was used to living without a friend, who was becoming more and more a person who was wearing a yellow star and not doing anything quite ordinary for them. Forbidding a curfew after eight o‘clock in the evening, having pets or traveling without permission, all this was just a precursor to what was yet to come.
It was December 2, 1942, and the Polák´s family was given a command to be transported. In the eyes of her parents, she saw fear for the fi rst time. They had to leave everything, and like the rest of the Jews, to give up cars, bikes, radios, musical instruments, counting their shirts, and they all went through their home within the Jewish community. The Jews, however, managed to come together in these diffi cult moments. Eve remembers how they went home and how nice it was when they were all together. Mom‘s sister lived in Čáslav. She had two children, Franz and Milena, with her husband Karel Kraus who worked as a lawyer. But their newly modifi ed house was good for some of the protectorate mocipans. Kraus had to emigrate within a few days, and because they had no place to go, they went to Eva‘s parents to Luže. According to Eva, it was a beautiful nine months when they played with Míla and Franta, and when Uncle Karel even replaced her school. Then someone in Čáslav also took care to keep Kraus away irretrievably. They had to move to Prague, where at that time fi ve Jewish transports were dispatched to the ghetto in Lodž (the Terezín ghetto was not yet “prepared”).
The Litzmannstadt ghetto, Łódź in Polish language, was hauled on April 30, 1940, to 164,000 Polish Jews who stood here on an area of 4 km². In 1941 and 1942, another 38,500 Jews, 20,000 from the Empire and the Protectorate, and the rest of the surrounding towns were deported. Kraus left the third C transport on October 26, 1941 (1,000 people, 63 survived) and a total of 5,000 people who left Prague to 3. 11. 1941, only 272 survived the war. Eva recalls that the Kraus family sent them a postcard with four signatures from Lodž, and thank you for the money.
“So, we knew they were alive. Then the ticket came with only three signatures and my mother said, “Máňa died,” Eva recalls. Eventually no one returned from the Kraus family. Only Věra Štinglová, who survived the ghetto in Lodž, told Eva after the war, that she had met with her cousin Franz Kraus several times in the ghetto. Before leaving to Terezín, she visited the family of Polák from the Jewish community in Prague, and she advised her mother to take the 50 kilograms of the allowed luggage. Eva remembers how her mum was making caramel on the way, which then put into paper cups for the girls. The family packed the most needed stuff , and just before the departure, her parents hid a box of photos in the attic, which Eva did not even know and which mum found after the war. It was a moody day in December 1942. A truck arrived in Luže and took them to school in Pardubice where they stayed for two or three days. Then they took them to the Pardubice railway station, a total of 650 people, and transported by passenger train on December 5, 1942 (transport Cf) to Bohušovice nad Ohří, from where they went on foot to Terezín.
The misconception of the family‘s life in a wider Jewish community deprived of yoke of anti- Jewish measures replaced the everyday reality of the Terezín ghetto. Mother said that my family would stay together and somehow managed to get one small room in a house where six women – aunt, her two cousins, Mrs. Poláková, Eva and her sister Andulka – lived together. Their cousin Ota Scharner, cousin of Věra Munková, who was deported to the ghetto by Ak 24.11.1941, worked in a potato-making plant, and so the family could occasionally attach to a poor prisoner‘s diet. Eva also remembers how Karel Poláček, whom she met there, was going to their house during her stay in the ghetto. My dad was accommodated in the Sudeten barracks, worked in the crematorium, and every day he and his family were seen. What Mum did, Eva did not remember, she did not have to work at her younger age, but she helped the family by going to lunch or cleaning the rooms. Sister Andulka was a voluntary nurse in homes for the ghetto residents. Her work was unusually meritorious, especially when we realized that these were the poor conditions in which these infi rm people lived. Terezín ghetto, it was the lack of daily food, almost non-existent sanitation, rats, fl eas … But Eva´s biggest memory of the Terezín ghetto is that there was a family, even though my father lived elsewhere, we saw each other every day. “For me, family is everything,” she says, “all the tribulations we managed to handle, because the family was together, we supported each other and cared for each other.” Thus, they were living in the Terezín ghetto from December 1942 to December 1943 …
In December 1943, the whole family was deported from Terezín to unknown place where (in the Auschwitz-Březinka-II family camp) was deported by Ds from 18 December 1943. Eva got number 73 304. When they passed the train station Uhersko (about 15 km from Luže), the parents threw a written note written on a piece of paper and addressed to a friend from Luže. The message told they were leaving Terezín to somewhere unknown. It became incredible. Not only did somebody fi nd their message, he or she even delivered it to that friend, and he showed it to Eva‘s mother after the war.
After about a three-day trip with a number of stops, without food, drinking, in the cold, they reached Auschwitz. “As soon as they opened the wagons, they screamed at us. It was just raining, and my dad saw the water leaking from the eaves. So, he went to drink and got a terrible blow to his back … I saw how they beat him, that‘s an unforgettable moment. The roar, the barking of the dogs, the crying of the children, cannot be described. It was the fi rst time in Auschwitz, when I saw how they beat my dad. “From the platform nobody went to the selection, as most of the transports, but they were transported by truck to the family camp Birkenau – Familienlagr, where the Czech Jews from Terezín were gathered. Family camp of Czech Jews in Auschwitz II. – Birkenau was established on 7 September 1943. All of them could keep their belongings, they were not kept and they were taken to section BIIb. However, the note in the personal documents SB (Sonderbehandlung – Special Treatment) spoke clearly.
The Nazis knew it was execution without judgment, which the prisoners did not know. Why this camp arose, it is unclear, the Nazis probably needed it for their perverse propaganda about the good conditions of the Jews in the concentration camps. However, the quarantine was nothing but a cover label – destroy it after six months. In the family camp, although rumour about this fate was spread, but it was hard to believe. Even here, at the local gas chambers, dozens of lives ended daily and fl ames emanating from the crematorium chimney accompanied by the ubiquitous ash drifting with obtrusive scent of charred bodies. Every day, that did not end for Eva and her loved ones´ with death, was a victory. The endless appeals that prisoners had to face, worse than cattle, people became a herd …
Eva´s mommy signed up for work in the kitchen where she was pulling heavy boiling pots and soup, but she was just able to get some extra food for the family. “We came to see our father at latrines or showers,” recalls Eva, who did not work and spent time in a children‘s lodge set up by Fredy Hirsch. “Fredy is an unforgettable fi gure for me who had been able to push the Germans forward. He has great merit on the fact that the so many youngsters survived. He worked with children in Terezín, then continued in Auschwitz. Our block was warmer than the others, we were taught, trained, we painted, which was otherwise strictly forbidden. He was an amazing man. “
After a half-year in Auschwitz-Birkenau, where in March 1944 witnessed the liquidation of the First Family Camp, there was an order that no one expected. The Nazis needed additional labor, so the entire family camp was not destroyed. The smaller working part was sent to the branch labor camps. Andulka, who was on block VI. for young girls, went through the selection and was sent with other girls for the cleansing work to Hamburg. She was then transferred to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp near Bergen, Lower Saxony. Eva and her mother went through a selection just a week later after Andulka. But my dad stayed in the camp and left to the Blechhammer camp in the death march. After the war, Eda Dresler brought a letter to the family written by Eva´s father. It was written before the last days of his life before the death march. He said in the letter that he remembers much about his children.
Eva and her mother went to the extermination concentration camp of Stutthof, in the north of Poland near the city of Gdansk. Because the camp was not completed (the camp had 12 hectares at the end of the war), they had to sleep on the sand in the open air. In the camp there were few women from Bohemia, mostly Hungarians and Lithuanians. That‘s why Eva´s mummy and another lady with her daughter arranged and took two other Czech girls together. The women did not work in the camp, but Eva remembered how they were sleeping on the concrete fl oor when they were fi nished on the camp barracks, and when they wanted to turn around, then each of them had to turn around. From Stutthof, which had at that time 39 branches around, Eva and her mother went to work in the village of Derbeck and then to Guttau camp. They were deployed to trenchwork, when they dug counterattack, three meters deep trenches. But in January there were terrible frosts, and the ground was so hard that the screech was not coming in. But all that remained in the Stutthof camp felt worse. Before the approaching front line, they were brought to the port, loaded onto a ship that sank off the open seas.
The front line approached, and Eva and her mother and others went into the death march. It had been several days and nights, and the last few miles Eva and Tereza Schwarz were literally carrying Eva‘s mother like “ an angel”. For the night they drove them to the barns, and Eva´s mother who was aware of their certain death, said she would not go on the next day. But in the morning, the barn gate opened and one Hungarian told them in Slovak, be calm, the Germans fl ed us. So, many hundreds of women became freed on January 19, 1945. But freedom was very fragile. It was January, frost – 20 ⁰C and in the middle of unknown Poland, without warm clothes, help, food or accommodation. Mother therefore decided that their “Czech” group will separate from other prisoners in an eff ort to increase their chances of survival. Refugees found some food, sour cabbage, potatoes and a few hens on a deserted farmhouse. But what they did not have were matches. Eva remembers, how she and Tereza, as they were the most ambitious, went for fi re to the nearby solitude where it smoked from the chimney. They found the terrifi ed grandmother with her grandson. After a complicated plot, the matches were fi nally won. The group left the farm about a week after because the owners returned. A coincidence of coincidences at that time, the front line and the Soviet soldiers on the sleigh came. They got into the ruined Warsaw with the troops, where Eva´s mummy was helping out for some time in the military kitchen. From Warsaw, as Eva remembers, they literally passed through impoverished Poland to Krakow, but it did not work. Bohemia was still occupied by the Germans. But when they learned that soldiers of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps of Poprad for Ammunition arrived in Krakow, they joined them and thus entered the former Czechoslovak territory. The end of the war was met in Poprad. Eva remembers how all the bells were ringing on that day, the sirens were beaming, the people were cheering … Even though the local authorities off ered them a free stay in the Tatras to get healthy, for as long as they wish, the mother refused. She met here with the already mentioned Eda Dresler, who survived Blechhammer, telling that Daddy knew he had survived. Mother decided to go home as quickly as possible. But nothing rode, nor trains, nor buses. That is why they literally traveled by the trucks with the army until they arrived in Vysoké Mýto in the summer of 1945 and from there fi nally to the house in Luže.
But the birthplace was uninhabitable. Their neighbor changed it into a dryer of leather in the war so, there was a terrible smell, the rats fl ew there, and the house collapsed. They had no place to live, they had no food tickets, they had nothing. Mother, who had to take care of herself, but also of her daughter Eva, Tereza Schwarz and Lili Klein, had to get some housing in the municipal offi ce. They were assigned for another house, which belonged to the Jewish Červinka´s family before the war, but who did not return. Because there was a German who had to leave the house during the war, they could move in. Still, they had no news of their father. Sister Andulka was liberated by the British on April 15, 1945, in Bergen Belzen, where the average survival time was about nine months, and where the spotty epidemic of the typhus had erupted several months before the liberation. Andulka was more fortunate than people who did not have the liberation, such as Anna Franková, who died in March, or Josef Čapek, who died in April 1945. Andulka went through quarantine at the former German tank base and then went to Luže. She went through Vysoké Mýto, where she attended the grammar school before the war and borrowed the bicycle from her friends and then she came to Luže. Eva could not recognize her. She has changed so much. Like Eva´s Mum, Andulka also survived the typhus. A little later, however, the bad news arrived. Father‘s friend from the Blechhammer camp told them that Eva´s father had probably died on the death march. Only his handwritten message remained after him on a piece of paper in which he had missed his children. Yet it was a miracle! Three members out of the four-member family managed to survive.
After the war, Eva married at nineteen, had two children, daughter Helena and son Jiří. But she broke up with her husband shortly. Her second husband, Svatopluk Liška, she married to him in 1969 and moved to Losina near Pilsen, where her daughter Kamila was born. Eva now has fi ve grandchildren, nine great-grandchildren and says her memories of wartime tribulations to students in colleges because she works with Doctor Vojtěch Kyncl on his lectures. She is still bravely returning to the places she went through during her youth.

Footnotes
Photos of cousin Helena Poláková from Jičín (daughter of her father‘s brother) were found by Eva after the war in Auschwitz, where she was with some about four girls who came from Terezín to a family camp and were gasified.
The other members of quite a large family ended up in Terezín, only one mother‘s brother was fortunate to have survived the war in England. The second brother, Karel, died in an extermination camp outside of Terezín. The grandfather Hynek Polák, who lived in Jičín before the war and survived Terezín, returned. His three sons did not return. He lived in a Jewish old people´s home in Poděbrady and died at the age of 96. Also, cousin Věra Poláková (mother of Jan Munk, former director of the Terezín Memorial), returned.

www.pamatnik-terezin.cz
www.facebook.com/TerezinMemorial


Polák´s house in Luže, grandparents in the middle, family Kraus,
parents of Eva, sister Andulka, cousins – Eva was not born yet Grandma´s birthday – Eva with her sister Andulka, grandchildren
Kraus and others in the family who survived in England or Israel In front of her father´s shop, grandfather, grandmother, parents and
sister Andulka



počet zhlédnutí: 1773

Zdeněk Ornest

Life full of twists Another story from the Terezín ghetto is the remembrance of a great actor and, above all, a great person Zdeněk Ornest. He was born in Kutná...

Přemysl Pitter

Who would have managed to do the same? It was 21st June 1895 and in Smíchov, Prague, Přemysl Pitter, later a well-known Czech priest, writer, publicist, pacifist, and social...

Ema Blažková

Ema Blažková was born in Prague, on the last day of the summer holidays in 1924, in a clerk´s family. It’s hard to tell whom she inherited her creative gifts...

Miloš Volf

When hell reigned on earth This story we did not write lightly at all. Especially because Mr. Miloš (Milouš) Volf, who it is dedicated, died in early 2014 at the age of 88...

Helga Pollaková

Helga Pollak was born in Vienna on May 28, 1930 to Otto and Frieda (née Meisel) Pollak.  Her father came from Kyjov from where he moved to Vienna. In 1916 he joined the army, got...

Rudolf Fantl

For love… The life story of the student Rudolf Fantl is another proof of the protectorate conditions during the period of the German occupation of Bohemia and Moravia. Although the...

Josef Jaroslav Beran

Catholic priest and theologian, 33rd Archbishop of Prague and Czech primas, political prisoner of two regimes, Josef Cardinal Beran was born on December 29, 1888. He was the oldest child of the...

Michael Marzell Bohin

A Halych Physician This story started to unfold in the Halych region in West Ukraine. Specifi cally, in the then Lemberg, a town nowadays called Lviv. 18 January 1895, Michael Marzell...

Jiří Baum / Anna Baumová

The Baum Siblings Anna and Jiří Baum were born in Prague, in the intellectual middle-class Jewish family of Josef and Frantisek Baum. Dad Josef Baum (* 14 June 1864), a successful...

Felix Kolmer

To Live is Forbbiden The book of the same title by Jan Rakytka describes the life story of Felix Kolmer from his childhood to the end of the WWII. It is based on his personal memories, so...

Hugo Meisl-Marom

Fate written on the wings “Coincidence does not help anyone who does not help themselves,” said Sofokles and some intricacies of human fate only prove it. That was the case...

František Sauer

He brought the whole Prague to a boil Franta Habán of Žižkov, Franta Sauer by his own name (4th December 1882– 26th March 1947), was an anarchist, saccharin smuggler, fi lm...

Anděla Dvořáková

A Few Things that Give You Strength It may not be necessary to introduce to the older readers, the Chairwoman of the Czech Union of Freedom Fighters (CUFF), Mrs. Anděla...

Otto Seidler

The story of a surviving boy … Otto Seidler was born on 5 February 1930 in Mladá Boleslav as the only child in the family of Jewish business traveler Emil Seidler (1898...

Zuzana Eva Miriam Růžičková-Kalabisová

This consciousness will never disappear Czech pianist, harpsichordist and musical pedagogue, a professor Růžičková, full name Mrs. Zuzana Eva Miriam...

Věra Steinová-Solarová

The dream came true Věra Steinová, married to Solar, was born on 29 May 1927 in Prague as the only child in the family of a Jewish trader. She spent her childhood with her...

Karel Pirk and Ludvík Hraba

Lives on the boundary of the seemingly impossible Two more stories from Terezín Small Fortress will be about Professor Jan Pirk (JP), a respected cardiologist and head of the...

Nataša Gollová

When Fate Takes Your Smile Even today, memories of Nataša Gollová will still bring a sincere smile to faces of those who knew her in person, or at least from the silver,...

Josef Ledeč

Dynasty of great doctors The memories of the doctor Jiří Ledeč (* 8. 8. 1923; † 26.3.2004), which I obtained from his son MUDr. Jan Ledeč, are very personal to me. Perhaps...

František Bareš

A thousand times I would rather choose death than to live as a slave František Bareš was born on November 13th, 1920 in Prague as a son of French legionnaire František...

Petr Ginz / Eva Ginzová

Ginz siblings – over obstacles to the stars Petr and Eva Ginzovi were born in Prague. Their dad Otto came from the traditional Jewish family of a rural teacher from...

Jan Munk

Surviving Was a Miracle These are the memories of Jan Munk, doctor of philosophy, PhD and the current director of the Monument of Terezín, about his mother Věra and others he...

Ruth Hálová

Dreams come true against all odds The story you are about to read is the story of a woman who is thankful for her life as well as her sister and hundreds of other people to Nicholas George...

Josef Větrovec

Romance in the reality of life Josef Větrovec‘s complex life begins to unfold on March 5, 1922 in Pilsen. He was born in the workers’ quarter, Petrohrad, which, from the end...

Letenská Anna

An actress to her last flap It’s not very often that a star of the silver screen leaves as little behind her as did the actress Anna Letenská. And yet her life story would...

Michal Kraus

The Diary of a Young Boy Our stories from the Terezín Ghetto also inherently include the memories of Michal Kraus, who lost his parents in the Nazi concentration camps. It is only...

Zdeněk Ornest

Life full of twists Another story from the Terezín ghetto is the remembrance of a great actor and, above all, a great person Zdeněk Ornest. He was born in Kutná Hora on...

Fredy Hirsch

Fair-minded Man Our next story from the Terezín ghetto is dedicated to a man who has often been referred to by those who had known him and who, like him, had experienced the hell...

Karel Poláček

He died in the place where everything began We will speak about Karel Poláček, a native of Rychnov nad Kněžnou (born 22nd March 1892), who died on 21st January 1945 not far...

Pavel Vranský

How many lives for such a life Pavel Vranský was born in Lipník nad Bečvou, where his mother’s father was a notary for many years. Pavel’s father Filip...

Arnošt Lustig / Hana Lustigová

The siblings Hana was born to Mr. and Mrs. Lustig on 20th June 1924. Her brother Arnošt was born on 21st December 1926 at 428/137 Královská Avenue (today...

Jiří Pavel Kafka

Trains of second chances Retired Lieutenant-colonel Jiří Pavel Kafka was born on 2nd May 1924 as the fi rstborn son of a Jewish lawyer. His father was twenty years older than...

Max Mannheimer

Terezín, Auschwitz, Warsaw, Dachau... Another story from the time of the Second World War is the story of a man who went through the atrocities of not only the Terezín ghetto....

Eva Štixová

Remembering me This story is somewhat diff erent to those we have told so far. It is mainly because the leading character was only eight months old when the gate of the ghetto in...

Josef Načeradský

Modesty, determination, vitality We were honoured to interview a man who reached an imposing hundred years of age in 2013. Josef Načeradský was born at 87 Trhový...

Pavel Werner

Growing up unexpectedly Another story from the Terezín ghetto is based on the memories of engineer Pavel Werner. Pavel was born in Prague on 3rd January 1932, but he grew up on...

Hana Lustigová – Greenfield

From Kolín to Jerusalem Another story, this time from the Terezín ghetto, with the memoirs of Mrs Hana Lustigová – Greenfield. She was born on November 3rd 1926...

Evžen Basch

Surviving three concentration camps More memories were shared by JUDr. Evžen Basch, a prisoner from the Small Fortress in Terezín. He was born in Prague as the fi rst child of...

Karel Beránek

Imprisoned for Nothing Another of our stories is the memories of a student from Roudnice, Ing. Karel Beránek. Karel was born on 17th December 1925 in Bílina in north-east...

Robert Bardfeld

Are Bad Times a Vulgar Term? Prof. Robert Bardfeld was born on 10th June 1925 in Dobřichovice near Prague as the only child of a mechanical engineer Simon (Simcha) Bardfeld and Marie,...

Jaro Křivohlavý

Violinist, sokolist and psychologist „My name is Křivohlavý, which is not to be used as the adjective Crooked Head. My fi rst name’s Jaro, for which I have the...

Přemysl Pitter

Who would have managed to do the same? It was 21st June 1895 and in Smíchov, Prague, Přemysl Pitter, later a well-known Czech priest, writer, publicist, pacifi st, and social...

Oldřich Stránský

How much luck is needed in unlucky times? Oldřich Stránský was born on June 2, 1921, in Most to the Jewish family of a Czech grain merchant, František...

Miloš Volf

When hell reigned on earth This story we did not write lightly at all. Especially because Mr. Miloš (Milouš) Volf, who it is dedicated, died in early 2014 at the age of 88...

Anna Magdalena Schwarzová

Never-ending pilgrimage of faith Anna Magdalena Schwarzová (known as Nina) is a Czech nun – a Barefoot Carmelite. She was a religious activist, a prisoner of the Nazi and...

Evelina Merová

Curriculum Vitae number 71266 It is man’s destiny to live. One should certainly not suff er for having been born a Jew, for example. This is also true of the fate of the involuntary...

Božena Kopová

All of you who are dear to me… Another story from the Small Fortress in Terezín are the life stories of Božena Kopová (1906–1987). In the database of the...

Toman Brod

Worse than the Apocalypse… Toman Brod was born on 18th January 1929 in Prague into the family of a grain wholesaler. His dad, Arnošt, came from Bučice, while his mum Olga,...

Ivan Klíma

Great age also needs great murders Another story from the Terezín ghetto is the fate of Ivan Klíma (born on September 14, 1931). He was born in Prague and is one of this...

Helga Pollaková

A man’s destiny decided on a strip of paper Helga Pollak was born in Vienna on May 28, 1930 to Otto and Frieda (née Meisel) Pollak. Her father came from Kyjov from where he...

Eva Roubíčková

Life is not a game of tennis, where you get a second serve The life story of Eva Roubíčková, who was born into a German-speaking Jewish family, begins on July 16th 1921 in...

Fedor Gál

Born to the Terezín Ghetto The person who we now wish to introduce is Fedor Gál. Unlike the other life stories his begins in Terezín on March 20, 1945. In the...

Emil František Burian

Unpredictable and troublesome Another personality who was, during the Nazi occupation, an involuntary “guest” of the Small Fortress in Terezín, was Emil...

Judith Rosenzweig

Gardens of the Terezín Ghetto We met Judith Rosenzweig in Špindlerův Mlýn, where every year she makes the long journey from Israel to meet her friends from the...

Štěpán Cardinal Trochta

The oldest son of a Wallachian farmer, Štěpán, was born in the village of Francova Lhota on Mar. 26, 1905. He started his studies at the Archbishop Grammar School in...

Miloslav Moulis

Trains Heading for the Unknown Allow us to share with you the life story of a man who began being interested in public matters at a very early age. Considering the time when he began...

Anna Flachová-Hanusová

Music is a Faithful Friend Every year a group of women, who cannot go unnoticed, meet in Špindlerův Mlýn in the autumn. Although 40 years have passed since their fi rst...

Eva Herrmannová

Opera Is My Love Allow us to introduce another personality, the former director of Opera of the National Theatre, Mrs. Eva Herrmannová. Born in Vienna (July 22, 1929), she spent...

Adolf Burger

Number 64401 Speaks During World War II, the leaders of Nazi Germany came up with a plan to obtain foreign currency. For this purpose they set up a counterfeiting plant in Sachsenhausen...

A Few Things that Give You Strength

It may not be necessary to introduce to our older generation, the Chairwoman of the Czech Union of Freedom Fighters (CUFF), Mrs. Anděla Dvořáková. Nevertheless, there are...

Marta Kottová

Don’t Be Afraid of Loudmouths When you hear the name Marta Kottová, many of you will recall the grey-haired charismatic lady who was awarded the Medal of Merit – Second...

Věra Tichánková

The Funny Side of Life It is probably not necessary to introduce Věra Tichánková, but there are periods of her life which are defi nitely worth remembering. Maybe...

Arnošt Lustig

The writer Arnošt Lustig is a next personality of our series who was arrested in the Terezín hetto duringthe Nazi occupation. He was born on December 21, 1926, in Prague-Libeň in...

Helga Weissová-Hošková

Two lives, or draw what you see Helga, the daughter of Irena and Otta Weiss, was born in Prague, on November 10, 1929. Her father (1898–1944) came from Pardubice, and mother,...

Miroslav Kubík

“I think that our family was quite average in the times of the ’fi rst republic‘. Our father worked as a construction engineer in the Czechoslovak Railways, mother...

Erik Polák

It was the year 1926, when in a Czech Jewish family in Prague Erik Polák was born. Until German Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia he had been growing up in Libeň – which used...

Věra Vacková–Žahourková

A Distressful Journey to Freedom Věra Vacková – Žahourková born to the family of a state offi cial Jaroslav Vacek and Anna, née Ohnesorgová in...

Dagmar Lieblová

Doctor Dagmar Lieblová, by birth from Kutná Hora, grew and lived in Česká street until she was thirteen years old. But her childhood was very dramatic – read the...

Ema Blažková

Ema Blažková was born in Prague, on the last day of the summer holidays in 1924, in a clerk’s family. It’s hard to tell whom she inherited her creative gifts...

Milada Horáková

a unique woman… Milada Horáková (25th December 1901– 27th June 1950) was a Czechoslovak politician who was executed for alleged conspiracy and treason...

Máte zájem
o zásílání novinek?

Zadejte Vaši emailovou adresu a zajistěte si tak aktuality z České republiky.

Nyní na Google Play
Produkt byl úspěšně přidán do košíku
Produkt byl úspěšně odebrán z košíku

Děkujeme za Vaši odpověď,

Nesouhlas se zpracováním Vašich osobních údajů byl zaznamenán.

Váš záznam bude z databáze Vydavatelstvím KAM po Česku s.r.o. vymazán neprodleně, nejpozději však v zákonné lhůtě.

Váš hlas byl započítán. Děkujeme.